How to Change the Needle on Your Janome Sewing Machine: Step-by-Step Guide

For every sewing enthusiast, ensuring the best stitch quality is paramount, and a big part of that comes down to the needle’s condition. A damaged or dull needle can lead to frustrating sewing hiccups like skipped stitches or even fabric damage.

how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine

If you’re using a Janome, one of the world’s leading sewing machine brands, knowing how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine is essential. It’s a simple task but crucial for achieving flawless sewing results. In this guide, we’ll walk you through each step, ensuring that even if you’re a beginner, you’ll master this fundamental maintenance task with ease. Let’s dive into the process!

Why Change the Needle?

Before diving into the procedure, it’s vital to understand the importance of routinely changing the needle on your sewing machine:

  • Improved Stitch Quality: A sharp needle allows for smoother and more consistent stitches.
  • Fabric Care: Dull or damaged needles can cause snags or damage delicate fabrics.
  • Machine Health: Using a damaged needle may negatively affect your machine’s alignment and timing over time.

Identifying Signs of a Dull or Damaged Needle

Several indicators suggest it’s time to replace your needle:

  • Skipped stitches while sewing.
  • Puckered fabric or uneven seams.
  • Popping or clunking noise as the needle penetrates the fabric.
  • Visible signs of damage such as bends or burrs.

Tools Needed for Changing the Needle

  • Your Janome sewing machine.
  • A new sewing machine needle (appropriate for your fabric and thread type).
  • A small, flat-head screwdriver or the needle clamp screw tool that came with your Janome machine (depending on your machine model).
  • Good lighting or a small flashlight.

Step-by-Step Guide to Changing the Needle on Your Janome Sewing Machine

Changing the needle on your Janome sewing machine is a straightforward task. With a few simple steps, you’ll have a fresh needle ready for your sewing projects. Here’s a simple, easy-to-follow guide to help you change your needle like a pro.

Step-1. Turn Off the Machine:

  • First things first, make sure your sewing machine is off. It’s a safety measure you shouldn’t skip.
  • Reach for the power button and turn the machine off.
  • For an added safety layer, unplug the machine from the wall. This way, there’s no chance it’ll accidentally turn on.

Step-2. Raise the Needle:

  • The handwheel is the big round wheel located at the right side of your sewing machine.
  • Gently turn the handwheel towards yourself.
  • Keep turning until the needle moves to its highest point. This gives you more space to work with when changing the needle.

Step-3. Remove the Old Needle:

a. Hold the Needle:

With your left hand, grasp the needle near its base. This holds it steady and prevents it from dropping inside the machine or onto the floor.

b. Loosen the Clamp:

  • Find your flat-head screwdriver or the special needle tool that came with your machine.
  • There’s a small screw right by the base of the needle. This is the needle clamp screw.
  • Place the screwdriver or tool into the screw slot.
  • Gently turn it to the left (that’s counterclockwise). As you turn, you’ll feel the screw getting loose.

c. Pull Out the Old Needle:

  • Once the screw is loose enough, the needle should slide out easily.
  • Hold onto the needle and pull it downward to take it out.

Step-by-Step Guide to Changing the Needle on Your Janome Sewing Machine

Step-4. Insert the New Needle:

a. Know Your Needle:

  • Look at the top end of your new sewing needle. One side is flat, and the other side is rounded.
  • On Janome machines, the flat side usually faces the back of the machine.

b. Position the Needle:

  • Holding the needle with the flat side facing the back, insert it into the same spot from where you removed the old one.
  • Slide the needle up as far as it will go. It needs to sit fully inside to sew correctly.

Step-5. Secure the Needle:

a. Hold the New Needle in Place:

  • Use your left hand again to hold the needle near its base. Make sure it doesn’t slip down.

b. Tighten the Clamp:

  • Take your screwdriver or needle tool with your right hand.
  • Place it into the slot of the needle clamp screw.
  • Turn the screw to the right (that’s clockwise) to tighten it.
  • While tightening, ensure you hold the needle in its highest position.
  • Tighten the screw until it’s snug. But remember, don’t force it too much – you don’t want to strip the screw or damage the needle.

Tips for Choosing the Right Needle for Your Project

The needle you choose should correspond to the fabric type and thread you are using:

  • Universal Needles: Ideal for most woven and knit fabrics.
  • Ballpoint Needles: Best for knits and stretch fabrics.
  • Jeans/Denim Needles: Suitable for heavy fabrics like denim.
  • Microtex/Sharp Needles: Perfect for silks and microfiber.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Changing Needles

  • Not Turning Off the Machine: Always ensure safety first by turning off your machine.
  • Using the Wrong Needle Type: Always match the needle to the fabric and thread type.
  • Not Inserting the Needle Fully: Ensure the needle is pushed up all the way before tightening.

Related: Can You Use Singer Needles in a Janome Sewing Machine?

Case Study: Changing the Needle on Janome Model 2212


Jessica, a resident of Austin, Texas, recently inherited a Janome Model 2212 sewing machine from her grandmother. Being new to sewing, she was eager to start but noticed the machine’s stitches weren’t as neat as they should be. She remembered reading about the importance of a sharp needle, and decided to research “how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine.”


Having never changed a needle on a sewing machine before, Jessica was apprehensive. She was concerned about damaging the machine or incorrectly inserting the needle, which could lead to sewing issues or potential machine damage.


Research: Jessica first referred to the user manual of the Janome 2212. However, wanting a more visual guide, she also searched online using the keyword “how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine” and found a step-by-step tutorial.

Gathering Supplies: She made sure she had the right type of needle for her project. For her cotton fabric, she chose a universal needle. She also grabbed the small screwdriver that came with her machine.

Changing the Needle:

  • She turned off the Janome 2212 and unplugged it for safety.
  • Using the handwheel on the side, she raised the needle to its highest position.
  • She lowered the presser foot for better access.
  • Holding the old needle with her left hand to prevent it from falling, she used the screwdriver to loosen the needle clamp screw on the right side of the needle.
  • She removed the old needle, paying attention to the flat side on its shank (top part).
  • Inserting the new needle with the flat side facing the back of the machine, she pushed it up as far as it would go.
  • She then tightened the needle clamp screw to secure the needle.

Testing: Jessica plugged in and turned on her Janome 2212. She tested the new needle on a scrap piece of fabric. Happy with the results, she felt more confident about her upcoming sewing project.


Jessica’s stitches were now even and neat. She realized the importance of changing the needle regularly and ensuring it was correctly placed. With the keyword “how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine,” Jessica was able to find relevant resources to help her with the process.

So, Maintaining a sewing machine, such as the Janome 2212, is crucial for optimal performance. Simple steps, like changing the needle, can greatly impact the quality of stitches and the overall sewing experience. It’s essential to seek guidance when unsure, whether from a user manual or online resources.

Conclusion: How to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine

Mastering the art of sewing comes with understanding every aspect of your machine, and as we’ve highlighted, one of the foundational skills is knowing how to change a needle on a Janome sewing machine. A fresh needle can be the difference between a frustrating sewing experience and a delightful one. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you ensure not only the longevity of your machine but also the quality of your projects.

Remember, sewing is as much about the preparation as it is about the process. Equip yourself with the right knowledge, and your Janome will serve you well for years to come.

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